The Real Revelation in Biblical Prophecy: DANIEL 10-11

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DANIEL 10 – 11:35

The “magic” of Christmas with twinkling lights and quiet nights, carols that arouse an almost melancholy wanting within our hearts, while at the same time stirring a joyful anticipation of what this season, what this year may hold.

The “magic” of Christmas is but a glimpse of what’s in store for the believer.

We long to be with God, to join him in the incorruptible, to leave behind the pain and sorrow that lurks around every bend.

We long for his return, for our transformation, for the perfection that calls to the very depths of our souls.

We long to see Jesus.  This is the real revelation of prophecy.

The last three chapters of Daniel are complex and challenging and charged. There’s an intense energy surrounds the reality of a God who is always near, a God who will one day appear, and a God who will one day make everything right. The deep longing in my soul will one day be satisfied in full. In the next two lessons we will cover Daniel’s last recorded vision.


Our text today in chapter 10 begins with a broken hearted man. Haven’t we all hit that point at least once, probably more, where we beg Jesus to come for us? We want to call it quits and go home. Confused and weary and broken, we search for understanding to make sense of it all. We know this feeling. Maybe we feel it right now. With the news of senseless shootings and murder this week, I’m not far off. This is where we find Daniel.

The text doesn’t tell us exactly why he’s so broken, but he writes that he’s been mourning for three weeks. In his anguish he has abstained from rich food and drink, and from the creature comforts that were afforded him, to fall at the feet of God in prayer and petition.

Then, beginning in verse four, an almost avalanche of revelation comes pouring out when Daniel is visited by a heavenly being who reveals a detailed vision. There’s quite a bit packed into the final vision, but I’d like to pull on three themes which are consistent with virtually every other chapter in Daniel: God’s swift response in difficult circumstances, the reality of spiritual warfare that surrounds, and the prophecy of full restoration.


Daniel was deeply troubled, but because he doesn’t specify the reason, we are left to only guess, and his response to his trouble is significant. We know that two years earlier a group of exiles returned to Jerusalem to begin the work of rebuilding the Temple. (Ezra 1:1) Daniel did not return with them, in all likelihood because his advanced age, but we don’t know for sure. Could remaining in Babylon have troubled him?

We know that the building of the Temple stopped because of external as well as internal opposition. (Ezra 4:24) Israel’s neighbors had no desire to see the rebirth of a strong Israel and their Temple was indeed connected to their strength, so they caused trouble endlessly. The footprint of the new Temple was much smaller than that of Solomon’s and caused friction within the rank and file, because the older generation remembered the way it was. Rebuilding stopped for as much as 20 years until the prophets Haggai and Zechariah spoke boldly to Zerubabbel, the governor. Could Daniel have received word of this conflict over the Temple and been brought to tears?

Based on the vision Daniel received, it’s probable that his petitions were related to his understanding of God’s plan for Israel.

Now I am here to explain what will happen to your people in the future, for this vision concerns a time yet to come. (Daniel 10:14 NLT)

He was deeply saddened for sure and probably confused. His response? Go to the Lord in prayer. In fact, he humbled himself in prayer with fasting.

It’s interesting that we see no evidence of Daniel trying to pull strings on Israel’s behalf, or attempting to control whatever was bothering him. It’s entirely possible he still held a reasonable amount of governmental influence, and he could have sought the resources to resolve whatever issue plagued him, but he didn’t. It’s convicting really, because this isn’t usually my first response when I’m troubled, especially if I have resources and influence at my disposal. Daniel’s response is incredibly important.


In both chapter 9 and 10 we see that God swiftly responds to Daniel’s prayers as soon as he begins praying.

Since the first day you began to pray for understanding and to humble yourself before your God, your request has been heard in heaven. I have come in answer to your prayer. (Daniel 10:12b NLT)

Daniel said the heavenly being looked like a man, and described him as dressed in linen, with a belt of pure gold, a body like a gem, a face flashing like lightning, eyes flaming like torches, arms like polished bronze, and a roaring voice. This description of Daniel’s is strikingly similar to John’s description of someone like the Son of Man in Revelation:

And standing in the middle of the lampstands was someone like the Son of Man. He was wearing a long robe with a gold sash across his chest. His head and his hair were white like wool, as white as snow. And his eyes were like flames of fire. His feet were like polished bronze refined in a furnace, and his voice thundered like mighty ocean waves. (Rev 1:13-15 NLT)

Could Daniel have seen a pre-incarnate manifestation of God the Son? It certainly isn’t out of the question. So it’s interesting that this man follows his response in verse 12 with this:

But for twenty-one days the spirit prince of the kingdom of Persia blocked my way. Then Michael, one of the archangels, came to help me, and I left him there with the spirit prince of the kingdom of Persia. (Daniel 10:13 NLT)

Puzzling, isn’t it? Does God really need help from the angels? Don’t they get their power from God? Can we assume that God was then bested by evil for 21 days? To understand the situation better it’s important to compare God’s relationship to all other beings, including the evil spirits. He is sovereign over all. ALL.

For those of you who saw the Superman movie way back when, you may recall the scene where Lex Luthor wields powerful Kryptonite to disable Superman’s powers. By exploiting this weakness, Lex Luthor became his evil, equal counterpart.

This is NOT the relationship between Satan and God. Satan is NOT God’s evil, equal counterpart. We can be sure this heavenly messenger was not delayed because he was overpowered or exploited for 21 days. The delay was allowed by God.

Daniel had mourned and fasted for three weeks when this messenger arrived; the exact same amount of time the messenger was blocked. It could have appeared to Daniel that his prayers were going unanswered, when in reality God responded the very same day. I believe there is a correlation between the period of mourning and the spiritual battle, but as to the exact nature of the correlation, I would be purely speculating.

When I think on my own life however, typically I am more receptive to God’s word as time extends from an upsetting event. In the emotion of the moment, God’s voice is often deadened, and I’m not receptive. That’s the spiritual battle that is waging all around us. Satan wants nothing more than to block our connection to God. I’m not saying this was Daniel’s battle, but it could have been.

The ground that our enemy gains in our lives is ground that we allow. And we have all authority in Christ to reclaim that ground. Something to consider when we find ourselves asking why our prayers seem to go unanswered. This is why it’s so important to see that Daniel steadfastly turned to God in prayer for those three weeks, as opposed to any other tactic. Prayer is the single-most effective strategy we have to battle the spirits that mean to destroy and discourage.


The messenger then reveals a detailed prophecy of the coming kings affecting the land of Israel. It almost resembles a tennis match as the king of the North and the king of the South go back and forth over multiple generations attacking each other. The messenger clearly states at the beginning of the vision that the Persian government will fall to the kingdom of Greece. This is a reiteration of the claim in the visions from chapter seven and eight, that the ruler of Greece will fall at the height of his power and the kingdom will be divided into four inferior kingdoms.

From there the vision describes what most scholars believe to be the Seleucid kingdom which fought the Ptolemaic kingdom over the course of a couple hundred years. The Torah Class website has an interesting, point-by-point historical account of how each prophetic clue corresponds to the historical event. Please note that no one can say for sure how God intended or intends to fulfill his prophecies with complete accuracy, so continue to humbly seek God’s guidance here.

At some point in chapter 11 of Daniel, this vision transitions from what has already been fulfilled in history to what yet remains for our future. Many scholars believe that Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who rose up from the Seleucid kingdom, fulfilled the description of the king in Daniel 11:21, and that the king described beginning in Daniel 11:36 is the Antichrist that is still yet to come. I’ll talk more about the remainder of the vision in the lesson next week.


So often when we come to scripture like this, we approach it in terms of trying to determine how these things will play out, like God gave us these prophecies so that we could and should figure it out, then chart our course accordingly. Maybe we can plan our 401K investments better, however this approach stands in stark contradiction to the character of God, who once spoke to my heart when I was desperately searching his plans for my future,

I don’t give you all the details of the future so that you won’t miss being with me now.

God is the revealer of all mysteries and the donor of all wisdom. When searching and studying scripture as complicated and confusing as the last three chapters of Daniel, we should fall at the feet of our Lord for understanding. When Daniel was hurting and confused, he turned to God, and the prophetic vision was but one aspect of God’s response to Daniel’s petition. What can we expect from our God when we fall at his feet?

Expect him to address your fears

The men who were with Daniel were terrified and ran away and left him alone. Daniel’s strength left him, he grew deathly pale, and finally fainted. Fear is a legitimate feeling and one that cannot be completely eliminated, but it is also an irrational tool used by a conniving enemy to cloud our judgment and block our connection to God.

God knows this, and he wants to reassure us that we do not need to be afraid. Twice he told Daniel not to be afraid. (Daniel 10:12,19) Expect him to address the voice of fear with his voice of love.

Such love has no fear, because perfect love expels all fear. (1 John 4:18 NLT)

Expect him to affirm his love

God is love, and every other character quality ascribed to God is congruent with and pours forth from love. Twice Daniel is affirmed in love.

Daniel, you are very precious to God…(Daniel 10:11 NLT)

Expect to hear those words spoken to your heart on a regular basis. I pray you hear them today.

Expect him to provide strength and encouragement

When thoughts of giving up, feeling too weak to continue, and considerations of an easier, less-formidable path present themselves, expect God to lift you up and have you stand. Expect him to tell you to be strong and to trust him.

This man in the vision touched Daniel three times. First he touched him and lifted him up, then he touched his lips so that he could speak, and he touched Daniel again so he could feel his strength returning. (Daniel 10:10,16,18)

‘Don’t be afraid,’ he said, ‘for you are very precious to God. Peace! Be encouraged! Be strong!’

As he spoke these words to me, I suddenly felt stronger and said to him, ‘Please speak to me, my lord, for you have strengthened me.’ (Daniel 10:19 NLT)

Expect him to reveal truth

After your fears have subsided, his love affirmed, and your strength begins to return, expect a word of truth. When God reveals himself and any aspect of truth, it will be for the purpose of growth. Truth opens the door for greater intimacy with God, which will ultimately brighten his light within you so that the world might also know him. Truth and its effects are multi-faceted and far-reaching, and know that when you ask for understanding, God wishes to bestow it.

Since the first day you began to pray for understanding and to humble yourself before your God, your request has been heard in heaven. I have come in answer to your prayer. (Daniel 10:12b NLT)


God’s initiative with Daniel in chapter 10, and also with us, is so that we will draw close to him in all things. In his letter to the Romans, Paul talks about this deep craving we have for the promise of a new creation.

And we believers also groan, even though we have the Holy Spirit within us as a foretaste of future glory, for we long for our bodies to be released from sin and suffering. We, too, wait with eager hope for the day when God will give us our full rights as his adopted children, including the new bodies he has promised us. (Romans 8:23 NLT)

Prophecy stirs within me “groans,” and like the anticipation that comes with Christmas, I anxiously anticipate the coming of my Savior. This is the real revelation of prophecy. It reveals my longing for Jesus himself.  Prophecy should lead us into righteous and effective prayer for understanding. It should lead each of us to seek his presence in the present, rather than leave us obsessed with an ambiguous future. It should lead us to experience a foretaste of that future glory through the Holy Spirit today.