Now Get Up and Go: DANIEL 11-12

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DANIEL 11:35-12

As I write today I am battling grief, fear, anger and angst for our world.

I grieve over the loss of what once was our nation. There was a time when by and large the worst things I faced over Christmas was controlling the look on my face when I received Aunt Marge’s annual, awful fruit cake or perhaps learning to navigate the holiday missing a loved one. The weight of what our country faces today, feels more imminent now than ever before.

I fear what’s beginning to feel like a new normal. Radicalism consumed with hate and violence grows, and I watch it happen. And let’s not pretend this kind of radicalism is relegated to only one walk of life. In just a few weeks’ time we’ve seen Paris, Planned Parenthood, and an unsuspecting workplace party viciously attacked, among many more in war-ravaged, desperate nations in the Middle East and around the world.

I’m angry when I see our world leaders responding in fear and rhetoric, rather than turning to God. God wants nothing more than our hearts, but we stubbornly refuse him. We make our plans as if we know better. The higher we build our walls and the deeper we fill our cache of ammunition, we become more and more vulnerable. But this isn’t new.

Judah’s defenses have been stripped away.

You run to the armory for your weapons.

You inspect the breaks in the walls of Jerusalem.

You store up water in the lower pool.

You survey the houses and tear some down for stone to strengthen the wall.

Between the city walls, you build a reservoir for water from the old pool.

But you never ask for help from the One who did all this. You never considered the One who planned this long ago. (Isaiah 22:8-11 NLT)

And I’m anxious when I read the text we are studying today in Daniel, because I see our world mirrored in its words. Is this it? Have we arrived? What do I do with this?

THE TIME OF THE END

Daniel ends his writings with a final vision. In the previous lesson, we covered the first part of the vision that most scholars believe to be largely fulfilled already. The latter part of chapter 11 and chapter 12 seem to be talking about Antichrist and his rise to power, which still remain in the future.

The king will do as he pleases, exalting himself and claiming to be greater than every god, even blaspheming the God of gods. (Daniel 11:36a NLT)

We are told that this ruler will be a man of war and violence, and that he will conquer many lands and nations. We are also told that his days are numbered and he will succeed in everything he does for a predetermined period of time.

He will succeed, but only until the time of wrath is completed. For what has been determined will surely take place. (Daniel 11:36b NLT)

It will be a time of great anguish, but not devoid of grace and salvation.

But at that time every one of your people whose name is written in the book will be rescued. (Daniel 12:1b NLT)

The heavenly messenger tells Daniel that there will be a resurrection of the dead, and that some will rise to everlasting life and some to everlasting shame. (Daniel 12:2) He also tells Daniel how long these things will last, “for a time, times, and half a time,” (12:7) and later he says that from the time the daily sacrifices are stopped 1,290 days will pass (12:11). And yet despite all the detail, the vision is still shrouded in mystery.

I heard what he said, but I did not understand what he meant. So I asked, “How will all this finally end, my lord?” (Daniel 12:8 NLT)

So it’s with this question I want to settle today, “What if we hear what God says, but we still don’t understand what he means?” If you can identify, you are not alone!

WHAT DO WE UNDERSTAND?

From the outset of this study I have talked about the pattern of God’s will. It’s displayed multiple times throughout scripture, and if you look closely, you’ll see it displayed in your own life as well, probably more than once. The pattern is this:

Basic Pattern Israel’s purpose when they crossed the Jordan into the Promised Land was to make God’s name known among the nations, to be a light to the world.   God chose these people as his own, so that when he set them apart as holy, the entire world would begin to know God through the picture of Israel. He uses the Church in much the same way today. One dramatic difference: Christ lives in each of us today, and when we step into our purpose and calling, we individually and collectively make Christ visible to the world.

In conjunction with other prophetic texts, we know that when this time of wrath has completed, Christ will return, the dead in Christ will rise to be transformed and those who are still alive will also be transformed. Christ will then establish his Kingdom and rule with love. When Christ returns, all purpose will be completed in full. There will no longer be a need to make his name known to the world, because he will be known.

For the scriptures say, “’As surely as I live,’ says the Lord, ’every knee will bend to me, and every tongue will confess and give praise to God.’” (Romans 14:11 NLT)

I go back to this pattern of Captivity -> Preparation -> Purpose, because even if we don’t understand all that God has planned and all that God has revealed, if we understand this much, we can still move actively into the story of God’s redemptive plan. When Daniel said he heard what the messenger said, but didn’t understand, the response to Daniel was telling.

But he said, “Go now…” (Daniel 12:9 NLT)

Daniel didn’t get a direct answer to his question. In fact, he was told the answers were going to be kept secret until the time of the end. The messenger then reiterates his command in verse 13.

“As for you, go your way until the end.” (Daniel 12:13a NLT)

He’s telling Daniel to keep walking the path designed for him, and leave the rest to God. So even if we don’t understand all that we hear God saying, we just need to keep on following what we do hear from him. Easy enough, right? Right…until the doubts creep in about the path we’re on and we start asking God, “what if?”

WHAT IF… I’M NOT EQUIPPED TO WALK THIS PATH?

If you’re asking this question, you are not the first. Moses asked it and so did Jeremiah.   God doesn’t often call the equipped, he typically equips the called. You can be sure, that if God has called you, he will supply you with all that you need to follow him.

All praise to God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly realms because we are united with Christ. (Ephesians 1:3 NLT)

This is a great place to start, because it means each of us is the perfect candidate to be called by God. He has supplied with all spiritual blessings, ALL, which means they don’t come in installments. They are all there from the moment of faith. Blessings like forgiveness, grace, eternity, gifts and insight from the Holy Spirit, and most of all power to follow God. These blessings are a pretty good foundational start to any and all callings.

When I first heard the call to write, it surprised me, and my first reaction was, “surely not.” But now that I have pursued this for a couple of years, the Lord has brought to my memory writing classes that I took in college, and literature classes that I loved. I had all but forgotten that I entertained a desire to major in English and Literature for a short period of time, but quickly dismissed it because it just didn’t make sense. Even then, God was preparing me.

As you consider your life up to now, you might begin to see that God has worked in a similar way. All the threads will eventually weave your story. Follow the path faithfully, and your journey will provide you with the necessary experience and qualifications to keep moving forward.

WHAT IF… I’M NOT STRONG ENOUGH TO WALK THIS PATH

When Israel approached the Promised Land and was told of the incredible bounty within, they could only hear the reports of the giants. Fear told them they were not strong enough to defeat the giants, and how irresponsible it would be to cross over with little children in their care.

Let’s just get this one out of the way. You’re not strong enough to walk this path. None of us are. But God still calls us anyway.

Each time he said, “My grace is all you need. My power works best in weakness.” So now I am glad to boast about my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ can work through me. That’s why I take pleasure in my weaknesses, and in the insults, hardships, persecutions, and troubles that I suffer for Christ. For when I am weak, then I am strong. (II Corinthians 12: 9-10 NLT)

There were many, many times God told Israel to show up to a battle ill-equipped or he asked them to send the majority of their soldiers home. He told Gideon, he didn’t want Israel to think they won the battle in their own strength. He wanted them to understand it was through the power of God. To be clear, every success, every victory we claim, is ALL through the power of God.

WHAT IF…I SUFFER ON THIS PATH

Suffering is very possible, in fact very probable. However, trials and suffering are uniquely designed to equip, strengthen, and to ultimately create extreme effectiveness. By the way, this is also called worship, and worship is the only way to abide in Christ.

Dear brothers and sisters, when troubles come your way, consider it an opportunity for great joy. For you know that when your faith is tested, your endurance has a chance to grow. So let it grow, for when your endurance is fully developed, you will be perfect and complete, needing nothing. (James 1:2-4 NLT)

We can rejoice, too, when we run into problems and trials, for we know that they help us develop endurance. And endurance develops strength of character, and character strengthens our confident hope of salvation. (Romans 5:3-4 NLT)

Daniel doesn’t mince words. Terrible suffering will mark the time of the end for God’s holy people. But what does God say about that?

Many will be purified, cleansed, and refined by these trials. (Daniel 12:10 NLT)

We can trust that any trial we walk will bring great glory to God and then that glory will be reflected back on us.

WHAT IF…I CHOOSE NOT TO WALK THIS PATH

There is certainly a great cost to following God, and many of us wonder if we can afford it. And we wonder if we can afford it, because we’re comparing the cost of following God to the lie that there is no cost if we choose not to follow. There is a cost, and it’s called opportunity cost.

Israel chose not to cross the Jordan River because they feared the cost of going into a land of giants. What they didn’t fully factor was the cost of missing the promise God held for them on the other side of the river.

The Apostle Paul also talks about opportunity cost in his first letter to the Corinthians. The context here is Paul’s concern for sin among the believers and their commitment to holiness.

Don’t you realize that those who do wrong will not inherit the Kingdom of God? (I Corinthians 6:9a NLT)

While I want to be careful to maintain the context of this passage, I do believe we can find an application for God’s call on levels of our life. His call for our life will typically follow the pattern of his will as I mentioned earlier.

Captivity

When we are held captive by sin and death, outside of a relationship with Christ, his call on our life will be to place our faith in him. If we reject God’s call to salvation, then we will most definitely not inherit any form of the Kingdom of God.

Preparation

After we’ve placed our faith in him, he will lead us into a period of growth and renewal. His call on our life is to holiness. He will teach us and heal us, and will prepare trials and hardships to cleanse and purify our lives. If we reject this call, misusing the liberty we have in Christ to continue sinning, our sin will prevent the continual expression of the Kingdom in our lives today. The Kingdom is expressed through the blessings referenced in Ephesians that I mentioned earlier. Paul was very concerned for the Corinthians in this area.

Purpose

We are all being prepared for a purpose. His call on our life, our purpose, is as unique as our DNA. If we are earnestly pursuing Christ and his holiness, God will guide and direct our path into a purpose that will make his name known to the world. If we reject this call, it’s not so much a missed inheritance, but rather a missed opportunity to experience and realize the vast fullness of the Kingdom of God that is available right now. We might experience some of it, but not all of it. If you’ll follow me, that opportunity cost is essentially missing the inheritance that he has for us.

NOW GO

We don’t have to understand everything about the Bible, or everything about prophecy, or everything about evangelism to walk the path before us. That much is clear from Daniel. We have everything we need to begin, and will be supplied with what we lack to continue, and are continually empowered by the Holy Spirit to get up and go. Now go.

The Real Revelation in Biblical Prophecy: DANIEL 10-11

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DANIEL 10 – 11:35

The “magic” of Christmas with twinkling lights and quiet nights, carols that arouse an almost melancholy wanting within our hearts, while at the same time stirring a joyful anticipation of what this season, what this year may hold.

The “magic” of Christmas is but a glimpse of what’s in store for the believer.

We long to be with God, to join him in the incorruptible, to leave behind the pain and sorrow that lurks around every bend.

We long for his return, for our transformation, for the perfection that calls to the very depths of our souls.

We long to see Jesus.  This is the real revelation of prophecy.

The last three chapters of Daniel are complex and challenging and charged. There’s an intense energy surrounds the reality of a God who is always near, a God who will one day appear, and a God who will one day make everything right. The deep longing in my soul will one day be satisfied in full. In the next two lessons we will cover Daniel’s last recorded vision.

BROKEN AT THE FEET OF GOD  

Our text today in chapter 10 begins with a broken hearted man. Haven’t we all hit that point at least once, probably more, where we beg Jesus to come for us? We want to call it quits and go home. Confused and weary and broken, we search for understanding to make sense of it all. We know this feeling. Maybe we feel it right now. With the news of senseless shootings and murder this week, I’m not far off. This is where we find Daniel.

The text doesn’t tell us exactly why he’s so broken, but he writes that he’s been mourning for three weeks. In his anguish he has abstained from rich food and drink, and from the creature comforts that were afforded him, to fall at the feet of God in prayer and petition.

Then, beginning in verse four, an almost avalanche of revelation comes pouring out when Daniel is visited by a heavenly being who reveals a detailed vision. There’s quite a bit packed into the final vision, but I’d like to pull on three themes which are consistent with virtually every other chapter in Daniel: God’s swift response in difficult circumstances, the reality of spiritual warfare that surrounds, and the prophecy of full restoration.

DANIEL’S RESPONSE

Daniel was deeply troubled, but because he doesn’t specify the reason, we are left to only guess, and his response to his trouble is significant. We know that two years earlier a group of exiles returned to Jerusalem to begin the work of rebuilding the Temple. (Ezra 1:1) Daniel did not return with them, in all likelihood because his advanced age, but we don’t know for sure. Could remaining in Babylon have troubled him?

We know that the building of the Temple stopped because of external as well as internal opposition. (Ezra 4:24) Israel’s neighbors had no desire to see the rebirth of a strong Israel and their Temple was indeed connected to their strength, so they caused trouble endlessly. The footprint of the new Temple was much smaller than that of Solomon’s and caused friction within the rank and file, because the older generation remembered the way it was. Rebuilding stopped for as much as 20 years until the prophets Haggai and Zechariah spoke boldly to Zerubabbel, the governor. Could Daniel have received word of this conflict over the Temple and been brought to tears?

Based on the vision Daniel received, it’s probable that his petitions were related to his understanding of God’s plan for Israel.

Now I am here to explain what will happen to your people in the future, for this vision concerns a time yet to come. (Daniel 10:14 NLT)

He was deeply saddened for sure and probably confused. His response? Go to the Lord in prayer. In fact, he humbled himself in prayer with fasting.

It’s interesting that we see no evidence of Daniel trying to pull strings on Israel’s behalf, or attempting to control whatever was bothering him. It’s entirely possible he still held a reasonable amount of governmental influence, and he could have sought the resources to resolve whatever issue plagued him, but he didn’t. It’s convicting really, because this isn’t usually my first response when I’m troubled, especially if I have resources and influence at my disposal. Daniel’s response is incredibly important.

GOD’S RESPONSE

In both chapter 9 and 10 we see that God swiftly responds to Daniel’s prayers as soon as he begins praying.

Since the first day you began to pray for understanding and to humble yourself before your God, your request has been heard in heaven. I have come in answer to your prayer. (Daniel 10:12b NLT)

Daniel said the heavenly being looked like a man, and described him as dressed in linen, with a belt of pure gold, a body like a gem, a face flashing like lightning, eyes flaming like torches, arms like polished bronze, and a roaring voice. This description of Daniel’s is strikingly similar to John’s description of someone like the Son of Man in Revelation:

And standing in the middle of the lampstands was someone like the Son of Man. He was wearing a long robe with a gold sash across his chest. His head and his hair were white like wool, as white as snow. And his eyes were like flames of fire. His feet were like polished bronze refined in a furnace, and his voice thundered like mighty ocean waves. (Rev 1:13-15 NLT)

Could Daniel have seen a pre-incarnate manifestation of God the Son? It certainly isn’t out of the question. So it’s interesting that this man follows his response in verse 12 with this:

But for twenty-one days the spirit prince of the kingdom of Persia blocked my way. Then Michael, one of the archangels, came to help me, and I left him there with the spirit prince of the kingdom of Persia. (Daniel 10:13 NLT)

Puzzling, isn’t it? Does God really need help from the angels? Don’t they get their power from God? Can we assume that God was then bested by evil for 21 days? To understand the situation better it’s important to compare God’s relationship to all other beings, including the evil spirits. He is sovereign over all. ALL.

For those of you who saw the Superman movie way back when, you may recall the scene where Lex Luthor wields powerful Kryptonite to disable Superman’s powers. By exploiting this weakness, Lex Luthor became his evil, equal counterpart.

This is NOT the relationship between Satan and God. Satan is NOT God’s evil, equal counterpart. We can be sure this heavenly messenger was not delayed because he was overpowered or exploited for 21 days. The delay was allowed by God.

Daniel had mourned and fasted for three weeks when this messenger arrived; the exact same amount of time the messenger was blocked. It could have appeared to Daniel that his prayers were going unanswered, when in reality God responded the very same day. I believe there is a correlation between the period of mourning and the spiritual battle, but as to the exact nature of the correlation, I would be purely speculating.

When I think on my own life however, typically I am more receptive to God’s word as time extends from an upsetting event. In the emotion of the moment, God’s voice is often deadened, and I’m not receptive. That’s the spiritual battle that is waging all around us. Satan wants nothing more than to block our connection to God. I’m not saying this was Daniel’s battle, but it could have been.

The ground that our enemy gains in our lives is ground that we allow. And we have all authority in Christ to reclaim that ground. Something to consider when we find ourselves asking why our prayers seem to go unanswered. This is why it’s so important to see that Daniel steadfastly turned to God in prayer for those three weeks, as opposed to any other tactic. Prayer is the single-most effective strategy we have to battle the spirits that mean to destroy and discourage.

THE VISION

The messenger then reveals a detailed prophecy of the coming kings affecting the land of Israel. It almost resembles a tennis match as the king of the North and the king of the South go back and forth over multiple generations attacking each other. The messenger clearly states at the beginning of the vision that the Persian government will fall to the kingdom of Greece. This is a reiteration of the claim in the visions from chapter seven and eight, that the ruler of Greece will fall at the height of his power and the kingdom will be divided into four inferior kingdoms.

From there the vision describes what most scholars believe to be the Seleucid kingdom which fought the Ptolemaic kingdom over the course of a couple hundred years. The Torah Class website has an interesting, point-by-point historical account of how each prophetic clue corresponds to the historical event. Please note that no one can say for sure how God intended or intends to fulfill his prophecies with complete accuracy, so continue to humbly seek God’s guidance here.

At some point in chapter 11 of Daniel, this vision transitions from what has already been fulfilled in history to what yet remains for our future. Many scholars believe that Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who rose up from the Seleucid kingdom, fulfilled the description of the king in Daniel 11:21, and that the king described beginning in Daniel 11:36 is the Antichrist that is still yet to come. I’ll talk more about the remainder of the vision in the lesson next week.

WHAT CAN WE EXPECT FROM GOD?

So often when we come to scripture like this, we approach it in terms of trying to determine how these things will play out, like God gave us these prophecies so that we could and should figure it out, then chart our course accordingly. Maybe we can plan our 401K investments better, however this approach stands in stark contradiction to the character of God, who once spoke to my heart when I was desperately searching his plans for my future,

I don’t give you all the details of the future so that you won’t miss being with me now.

God is the revealer of all mysteries and the donor of all wisdom. When searching and studying scripture as complicated and confusing as the last three chapters of Daniel, we should fall at the feet of our Lord for understanding. When Daniel was hurting and confused, he turned to God, and the prophetic vision was but one aspect of God’s response to Daniel’s petition. What can we expect from our God when we fall at his feet?

Expect him to address your fears

The men who were with Daniel were terrified and ran away and left him alone. Daniel’s strength left him, he grew deathly pale, and finally fainted. Fear is a legitimate feeling and one that cannot be completely eliminated, but it is also an irrational tool used by a conniving enemy to cloud our judgment and block our connection to God.

God knows this, and he wants to reassure us that we do not need to be afraid. Twice he told Daniel not to be afraid. (Daniel 10:12,19) Expect him to address the voice of fear with his voice of love.

Such love has no fear, because perfect love expels all fear. (1 John 4:18 NLT)

Expect him to affirm his love

God is love, and every other character quality ascribed to God is congruent with and pours forth from love. Twice Daniel is affirmed in love.

Daniel, you are very precious to God…(Daniel 10:11 NLT)

Expect to hear those words spoken to your heart on a regular basis. I pray you hear them today.

Expect him to provide strength and encouragement

When thoughts of giving up, feeling too weak to continue, and considerations of an easier, less-formidable path present themselves, expect God to lift you up and have you stand. Expect him to tell you to be strong and to trust him.

This man in the vision touched Daniel three times. First he touched him and lifted him up, then he touched his lips so that he could speak, and he touched Daniel again so he could feel his strength returning. (Daniel 10:10,16,18)

‘Don’t be afraid,’ he said, ‘for you are very precious to God. Peace! Be encouraged! Be strong!’

As he spoke these words to me, I suddenly felt stronger and said to him, ‘Please speak to me, my lord, for you have strengthened me.’ (Daniel 10:19 NLT)

Expect him to reveal truth

After your fears have subsided, his love affirmed, and your strength begins to return, expect a word of truth. When God reveals himself and any aspect of truth, it will be for the purpose of growth. Truth opens the door for greater intimacy with God, which will ultimately brighten his light within you so that the world might also know him. Truth and its effects are multi-faceted and far-reaching, and know that when you ask for understanding, God wishes to bestow it.

Since the first day you began to pray for understanding and to humble yourself before your God, your request has been heard in heaven. I have come in answer to your prayer. (Daniel 10:12b NLT)

WE LONG TO BE WITH GOD

God’s initiative with Daniel in chapter 10, and also with us, is so that we will draw close to him in all things. In his letter to the Romans, Paul talks about this deep craving we have for the promise of a new creation.

And we believers also groan, even though we have the Holy Spirit within us as a foretaste of future glory, for we long for our bodies to be released from sin and suffering. We, too, wait with eager hope for the day when God will give us our full rights as his adopted children, including the new bodies he has promised us. (Romans 8:23 NLT)

Prophecy stirs within me “groans,” and like the anticipation that comes with Christmas, I anxiously anticipate the coming of my Savior. This is the real revelation of prophecy. It reveals my longing for Jesus himself.  Prophecy should lead us into righteous and effective prayer for understanding. It should lead each of us to seek his presence in the present, rather than leave us obsessed with an ambiguous future. It should lead us to experience a foretaste of that future glory through the Holy Spirit today.

Doomsday Prepper & Everyone Else: DANIEL 7-8

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Daniel 7-8

Daniel saw things. Things that were so disturbing it made him sick to his stomach. Things of evil and terror that keeps one awake at night.

I, Daniel, was terrified by my thoughts and my face was pale with fear, but I kept these things to myself. (Daniel 7:28b NLT)

Then I, Daniel, was overcome and lay sick for several days. Afterward I got up and performed my duties for the king, but I was greatly troubled by the vision and could not understand it. (Daniel 8:27 NLT)

This wasn’t the first glimpse into the future by Daniel, yet it dealt a heavier blow, leaving Daniel pale with terror. What made these visions so different? Well for one thing, they came with quite a bit more detail and explanation.  And another, they weren’t all rainbows and unicorns.  Chronologically these two visions came to Daniel in the first three years of Belshazzar’s reign, before chapter 5. It’s no wonder Daniel didn’t hesitate when reading the writing on the wall; these visions provided ample explanation… and then some.

What does one do with information like this? For Daniel, in that moment, he kept it to himself, not sharing until years later. Why did God reveal these future terrors to Daniel and then to the rest of us? What are we supposed to do with it? Are we doomed? Before we dive into the details of these two chapters, the question that must remain throughout all our study and discussion is this: how does this text fit into the puzzle of God’s redemptive story? Because, after all, his redemption is really the whole point.

WHAT DO THE SCHOLARS SAY?

Let’s begin with the vision in chapter seven. It begins with the winged lion coming out of the sea, followed by a devouring bear, followed by a 4-winged / 4-headed leopard, and finally followed by a fourth beast, more terrifying than the rest. This beast came with no physical description per se; except that it had huge, iron teeth, bronze claws, and ten horns. Then suddenly a small horn emerged, taking out three of the original ten horns to make room for it. This little horn claimed human eyes and a mouth and boasted arrogantly.

Now let’s jump to the vision in chapter eight. In this vision we see two animals portrayed: a two-horned ram and a one-horned goat. The goat fiercely attacks the ram, subduing it quickly. At the height of the goat’s power, its horn was broken and replaced by four horns pointing in all directions of the earth, until from one of those horns another small horn emerged with great power. This small horn challenged a heavenly authority, an angel or perhaps God himself, bringing desecration to the Temple of God.

By considering the vision from Nebuchadnezzar’s dream in conjunction with the explanation of these two visions in chapters seven and eight, plus the annals of recorded history as we know it, scholars have pieced together a plausible interpretation. But let’s be clear, no one can say for sure exactly what the prophecy entails for our world. There are literally thousands of possible pathways for these prophecies to complete. The only the things we know for sure are the limited explanations  provided directly in scripture.

Four Succession Kingdoms

The four beasts in chapter seven seem to correlate strongly with the four major divisions of the statue in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, which Daniel explained at that time as representing dominant kingdoms. The angel speaking to Daniel in this week’s text confirmed the same meaning for these beasts.

These four huge beasts represent four kingdoms that will arise from the earth. (Daniel 7:17 NLT)

If the correlation between this vision and that of Nebuchadnezzar’s is indeed valid, then the winged lion would correlate to the head of gold in the statue, the devouring bear would correlate to the chest of silver, the four-headed leopard to the torso of bronze, and the fourth beast to the legs and feet of iron and iron/clay.

Daniel’s interpretation in chapter two confirms that the first earthly government is Babylon. The interpretation in chapter eight gives more clarity to the succeeding two governments. Gabriel explains that the two-horned ram represents the growing power of Media and Persia; a government ruled by two kings that eventually overthrew Babylon.

The 3rd Kingdom

Gabriel goes on to explain that Greece would follow, represented by the one horned goat coming out of the west. History tells us that Alexander the Great, the first king of the Greek Empire and infamous military leader, took the world by storm with incredible speed, subduing the Medes and the Persians and most of the known world.

The goat became very powerful. But at the height of his power, his large horn was broken off. In the large horn’s place grew four prominent horns pointing in the four directions of the earth. (Daniel 8:8 NLT)

Alexander soon died at 32 years of age (323 BC), the height of his success. His four generals (Cassander, Ptolemy, Antigonus, and Seleucus) assumed power by dividing the empire into four regions.

The four prominent horns that replaced the one large horn show that the Greek Empire will break into four kingdoms, but none as great as the first. (Daniel 8:22 NLT)

Daniel’s vision in chapter eight continues with a smaller horn rising up from one of the four horns on the goat, and pouring out great terror on the land of Israel (Dan 8:9). Most scholars believe that Antiochus Epiphanes (meaning “God Manifest” in Greek), who arose as the king from the region of Seleucid less than 150 years after the death of Alexander, was the fulfillment of this piece. Speaking of the smaller horn:

It even challenged the Commander of heaven’s army by canceling the daily sacrifices offered to him and by destroying his Temple.   (Daniel 8:11 NLT)

Known also as Antiochus Epimanes (the Mad) by those who crossed him, he certainly desecrated the Temple by erecting an idol of Zeus and offering sacrifices at the feet of an idol in his own image. Tradition has it that he sacrificed a pig (considered to be most unclean by Jews) and sprinkled its blood all over the Temple, essentially destroying it and its holiness.  Worshiping Yahweh and all Jewish rites were punished by death.

The 4th Kingdom

Chapter eight only discusses the two dominant kingdoms represented by the ram and the goat. They correlate to the bear and the leopard in the seventh chapter as well as by the silver chest and bronze torso in Nebuchadnezzar’s statue. Chapter seven states there is a fourth kingdom prophesied to succeed the leopard (also the goat).

This fourth beast is the fourth world power that will rule the earth. It will be different from all the others. It will devour the whole world, trampling and crushing everything in its path. (Daniel 7:23 NLT)

The fourth beast is described as having ten horns, which represent ten kings who will rule this empire. The little horn that comes up is described as different from the other ten, and seems to solidify his power by subduing and eliminated three of those kings. (Dan 7:24) This king will also oppress the holy people by changing sacred festivals and laws, and placing them under his control.

There could be a possible correlation of these ten horns to the ten toes in Nebuchadnezzar’s statue, but almost certainly a correlation with the beast’s ten horns described in the Book of Revelation.

Then I saw a beast rising up out of the sea. It had seven heads and ten horns, with ten crowns on its horns. And written on each head were names that blasphemed God. (Revelation 13:1 NLT)

Interestingly, this beast that John describes in Revelation looks like a leopard, with feet like a bear and a mouth like a lion. All three of the other beasts mentioned in chapter seven of Daniel. Most scholars believe that this fourth kingdom in chapter seven is describing the final rebellion before the return of Christ, and that the little horn with eyes and a mouth is the Antichrist. While the fourth kingdom in Nebuchadnezzar’s statue is believed to be Rome, the parallels with this fourth kingdom in chapter seven to those described in Revelation are striking.

Some believe that the little horn in chapter eight is also describing the final Antichrist rather than Antiochus, due to the similar description, but because the little horn in chapter eight appears to arise out of the third kingdom, not the fourth, most tend to rule that out. Regardless, Antiochus at the very least is a picture of what is to still yet to come in the final rebellion. We know that Antiochus didn’t fulfill the prediction of the Antichrist in the 4th kingdom because Jesus refers to Daniel’s prediction as yet a future warning (Matthew 24:15), and the Apostle John wrote his revelation over 200 years after Antiochus.

We could go into a great more detail in these prophecies and the connections to Revelation, but there simply isn’t time here. Overall, these prophecies concern the immediate kingdoms that followed Babylon, including the world power and final rebellion before Christ’s return. Back to our original question, what do we do with this and how does it fit into redemption?

WHAT DO WE SEE IN OUR WORLD TODAY?

It’s quite possible that some of you signed up to study the Book of Daniel this fall, eagerly anticipating these two chapters. You were aware of the prophecies contained herein, and you’ve been wondering if we are living in those end-days right now. You’ve hoped to have that answered today.

It’s quite possible some of you have dreaded these two chapters all season. You were aware of the prophecies contained herein, and you’ve wondered if it would erupt into sensationalized discussion, bouts of tears, arguments, and the stockpiling of canned goods.

When it comes to end times prophecies, it’s critical to maintain an appropriate balance of wary concern to disregard. An extreme focus either way could result in confusion and distraction from our primary goal to know Him and to be with Him.

Looking for Christ

I believe God places within his holy people a longing and desire for the Kingdom. Scripture says that there was awareness and anticipation for Messiah at the time Jesus was born. The people who sought the Lord knew of Daniel’s timeline prophecy in chapter nine, and the time was drawing very close. They were looking for him.

At that time there was a man in Jerusalem named Simeon. He was righteous and devout and was eagerly waiting for the Messiah to come and rescue Israel. The Holy Spirit was upon him and had revealed to him that he would not die until he had seen the Lord’s Messiah. (Luke 2:25 NLT)

Anna, a prophet, was also there in the Temple…She talked about the child to everyone who had been waiting expectantly for God to rescue Jerusalem. (Luke 2: 36,38b NLT)

Now there was a good and righteous man named Joseph. He was a member of the Jewish high council, but he had not agreed with the decision and actions of the other religious leaders. He was from the town of Arimathea in Judea, and he was waiting for the Kingdom of God to come. (Luke 23:50-51 NLT)

It’s appropriate to eagerly expect our Lord. He wants us to want him.  It’s okay to look around and wait for him, despite our inability to explain the longing. Jesus also warns us to be watchful and alert, always ready for his return at any moment.

“The day is coming when you will see what Daniel the prophet spoke about – the sacrilegious object that causes desecration standing in the Holy Place.” Reader, pay attention! (Matthew 24:15 NLT)

Looking for Truth

Each believer in Jesus should honestly study prophecy for herself. Understand and consider what the scholars suggest, and then ask God what it is he wants you to see in the scripture. Look around your world, follow the news if you wish, and examine the signs if there are any. Then ask God what it is he wants you to see in the world.

In Daniel’s second vision he said “truth was overthrown” in those final days. In times of sinful rebellion, truth is always overthrown. It’s one of the reasons Jesus has handed down these prophecies, so that we night have a basis of truth for comparison. He tells us to be watchful and alert so that we aren’t deceived into ignoring the signs.

It isn’t wise to completely disregard any possibility for signs of the end times, but it probably isn’t appropriate to see end times prophecies in every news program, government official, or piece of burnt toast either. The danger of “seeing” end-times everywhere is a different kind of deception, which I’ll get back to.

WHAT ARE WE REALLY LOOKING FOR?

One critical part of this passage in that has yet to be discussed, is the piece that describes all that’s right in the world. Daniel sees the Ancient One who sits on his throne in a court that will pass judgment on evil. (Dan 7:9-10, 26) He tells of the authority of the Son of Man and his eternal rule.

Then the sovereignty, power, and greatness of all the kingdoms under heaven will be given to the holy people of the Most High. His kingdom will last forever, and all rulers will serve and obey him. (Daniel 7:27 NLT)

Yes, be watchful and alert for signs of the end times, but what we’re really looking for is the Kingdom. Like I mentioned last week in chapter six, keep your eye on the angel rather than the hungry lion.

Scripture points clearly to a physical manifestation of a coming kingdom when Jesus returns.  The stuff of dreams.  Use caution, however, when searching for signs in our world. They can easily distract from the very real spiritual manifestation of the Kingdom occurring as we speak. If we keep our eyes pressed only toward the future, we often miss what’s offered right here, right now.

One day the Pharisees asked Jesus, “When will the Kingdom of God come?”

Jesus replied, “The Kingdom of God can’t be detected by visible signs. You won’t be able to say, ‘Here it is!’ or ‘It’s over there!’ For the Kingdom of God is already among you.” (Luke 17:20-21 NLT)

Wow. Digest that fully. Then put these prophecies into that perspective.

Numbered, Measured, and Divided: DANIEL 5

Photostock DanielDANIEL 5

Have you ever walked through a building famed for being haunted? If you have, can you remember the sense of trepidation as you moved? One of the buildings on my college campus was heavily rumored to house the ghost of the Cherokee wife to Texas hero General Sam Houston. One night I was working with a group of students to clean up after an event, and two of us were instructed to carry tables up the elevator into storage. When we arrived at the elevator it dinged and opened, almost as though it was awaiting our arrival and didn’t want us to unhandle our load to push the button. The really weird part was when the elevator did it again to go down – ding, no button. Just the mere suggestion of the paranormal had me scared to death. I couldn’t hear any suggestion that the elevator might have had an electrical surge of some sort.

FAILURE OF MAN

I can hardly imagine the fear of seeing a disembodied hand, writing on a wall in front of me. If you’ve been spooked before, then you might understand the fear King Belshazzar is recorded to have had. He was scared sober. Setting the stage for that evening, it is helpful to note that the entire city of Babylon was also likely celebrating and feasting, carousing and drinking, as was the king. The Medes and Persians were outside the walls, probably known to the king, but he wasn’t worried. The city was impenetrable.

According to Herodotus, a Greek historian, the city was surrounded by at least two rows of formidable walls over 300 feet high and 80 feet thick and were anchored about 35 feet below ground. Archeological excavations dispute some of his exact findings, but nonetheless, these walls were huge. The people weren’t worried. In fact, if the enemy laid siege to the city, there was enough supply within the walls that the people could withstand it for at least 20 years.

So the party continued, and apparently the watchmen never noticed the enemy infiltrating the city through the water canals. Cyrus had diverted the flow of the Euphrates, lowering the water, allowing access inside the walls. The Persians mixed and mingled with the Babylonians until it was time to strike. This leads us into chapter five of Daniel.

The writing on the wall appeared shortly after Belshazzar brought up the holy articles from the Temple at Jerusalem to be used in praise to his pagan gods. A deliberate blow to the sanctity and sovereignty of God. This kind of mockery hardly ever turns out good, and Belshazzar was no exception. Yet again, Daniel was brought to interpret the message when the other magicians failed to do so. The inscription contained common Aramaic terms for currency, but terribly out of context, so know one understood. Daniel explained.

This is the message that was written: Mene, Mene, Tekel, and Parsin. This is what these words mean:

Mene means “numbered” – God has numbered the days of your reign and has brought it to an end.

Tekel means “weighed” – you have been weighed on the balances and have not measured up.

Parsin means “divided” – your kingdom has been divided and given to the Medes and Persians. (Daniel 5:25-28 NLT)

The enemy could have already been at the door of the palace by this point, because the king was killed that night and the city entirely overrun.

THE REAL MEANING

I could easily make this a message about the dangers of a life without the one, true God, and it would be worthy. I could make it about pride, but that might as well be a repeat from last week. I could also talk about what happens when nations and their leaders refuse to honor and follow God, and it would be timely. But I want to talk about something that’s not exactly obvious.

I see a picture of Christ embedded in this passage of scripture. In fact, Messiah is all through the book of Daniel. Not coincidence. As I mentioned in the very first lesson, Israel was taken into the pattern of captivity once again (reminiscent of Egypt), exiled into Babylon. This time it will lead them not only into the Wilderness of Preparation and then the Promised Land, but into the ultimate Promised Land made manifest in the promised Messiah. So why wouldn’t pictures of Christ be dropped continuously throughout their time of captivity? God is laying it out so that all will see and receive Messiah, the ultimate solution to captivity.

MENE

Starting with the first word in the mysterious inscription, I see foreshadowing. Mene – meaning “numbered” – referred to Belshazzar and the fact that the days of his reign were numbered. His days, our days, all the days are numbered. God is in control over everything in this world. Even the hairs on our head are numbered. (Mt 10:30) Nothing escapes God.

When Jesus ministered here on Earth he mentioned several times that his own days were numbered. One day Mary, one of the followers of Jesus, poured an expensive perfume on Jesus and she was criticized for the waste. Jesus responded.

Leave her alone. Why criticize her for doing such a good thing to me. You will always have the poor among you, and you can help them whenever you want to. But you will not always have me. (Mark 14:6-7 NLT emphasis added)

Jesus also talked about the days until his final return, that they were numbered as well. We don’t know the exact day and time of his return, but you can be sure it is numbered!

When the Son of Man returns, it will be like it was in Noah’s day. In those days before the flood, the people were enjoying banquets and parties and weddings right up to the time Noah entered his boat. People didn’t realize what was going to happen until the flood came and swept them all away. This is the way it will be when the Son of man comes…You also must be ready all the time, for the Son of Man will come when least expected. (Matthew 24:37-44 NLT)

Doesn’t that description sound a lot like the last night of Belshazzar’s reign? There truly is nothing new under the sun.

TEKEL

Tekel – meaning “measured” – demonstrates God as judge and assessor. Only he can truly judge a man’s heart and he found Belshazzar to be wanting, incomplete. If we sneak a peek into chapter six where we find Daniel in the lion’s den, he says something very interesting. The next morning Daniel is found alive and he says,

My God sent his angel to shut the lions’ mouths’ so that they would not hurt me, for I have been found innocent in his sight. (Daniel 6:22 NLT)

Daniel was measured and found innocent, complete.   Even when his adversaries tried to find fault in him, he measured up. The contrast here between Daniel and Belshazzar is a picture and foreshadowing of Christ. Christ was also measured and found complete, perfect and blameless, despite his adversaries’ attempts to trap him.

Jesus says that when he returns, the world will be measured. To illustrate he tells the parable of the loaned money where a man gives money to each of his three servants according to their abilities. He leaves town and by the time he returns the first two servants are able to demonstrate the profits made from their investments. The third did nothing with the money and instead buried it with no profit. The man was angry and judged the servant.

You wicked and lazy servant! If you knew I harvested crops I didn’t plant and gathered crops I didn’t cultivate, why didn’t you deposit my money in the bank? At least I could have gotten some interest on it. (Matthew 25:26-27 NLT)

When Belshazzar is measured, it stands as a sign of Christ and the fate of the world. We will all be measured. Only those in Christ will be found complete.

PARSIN

Parsin – meaning “divided” – represents the outcome for Belshazzar’s judgment. His kingdom would be divided, taken from him, and given to another. As you might guess, there’s foreshadowing here too on a number of levels.

First, Christ, himself was physically broken and divided when he was crucified. He was divided from God, separated from the Father’s presence, in hell for three days. His clothes were also literally divided.

Second, like Belshazzar’s kingdom, Jesus tells the religious leaders that the Kingdom of God will be taken from them and given to another. He quotes the Psalms that they would have no doubt known intimately.

“The stone that the builders rejected has now become the cornerstone. This is the Lord’s doing, and it is wonderful to see.”

I tell you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a nation that will produce the proper fruit. Anyone who stumbles over that stone will be broken to pieces, and it will crush anyone it falls on. (Matthew 21:42b-44 NLT)

Can you see the concept of division throughout this statement?

Third, we see holy divided from unholy. In the parable of the loaned money that I referenced earlier, once the three servants were measured they were then divided.

Then he ordered, “Take the money from this servant, and give it to the one with the ten bags of silver. To those who use well what they are given, even more will be given, and they will have an abundance. But from those who do nothing, even what little they have will be taken away. Now throw this useless servant into outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” (Matthew 25:28-30 NLT)

Divided. In the parable of the bridesmaids, five were ready with extra oil to fill their lamps, waiting for their master to return. Five were foolish and did not have enough. When the master arrived in the middle of the night, the five foolish maids had to go in search of oil and in that time the doors to the banquet were closed and they could not enter. Measured and divided. This illustrates what will happen when Jesus returns again. The nations will be judged and divided.

But when the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit upon his glorious throne. All the nations will be gathered in his presence, and he will separate the people as shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. (Matthew 25:31-32 NLT)

SO WHAT, NOW WHAT?

If we were to end the story here, without the benefit of the rest of the Book of Daniel, as well as all the New Covenant writings, this could be a pretty bleak look at the future. Sure there will be a sizeable group of people who will reject Jesus and find themselves separated.  This is truth. There’s no way around it, and it certainly is upsetting. But God does not end his story with division. No way. It ends with reunion for all who follow him.

Beginning with the crucifixion, when Jesus was divided and separated from God, he didn’t remain in hell. It says that after three days, he took captivity captive and reunited with the Father. (Eph 4:8-9) Even though the Kingdom of God was taken from Israel and given to the Gentiles, doesn’t mean it will remain that way. The Kingdom will not be complete until Israel unites with the Church. (Rom 11:25-27) When Jesus said, “Anyone who stumbles over that stone will be broken to pieces, and it will crush anyone if falls on,” (Mt 21:44), he is referring to himself, and is exactly like the rock in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream from chapter two when it crushes the statue. The image in the dream doesn’t end with the statue laying in pieces. It ends with the rock, growing into a mountain that covers the world. It’s a picture of reunification for all the redeemed.

The unity of which I speak comes from and through Christ. It is not man made. Why didn’t the statue come back together in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream to symbolize reunification? Because the statue symbolizes the period of Man, corruptible and temporal. The rock that turns into a mountain however, symbolizes the end of the age of man, (or the period of the Gentiles (Lk 21:24)) and the dawn of the Kingdom, the period of Christ, incorruptible and eternal.

BE ALERT BE READY

It’s easy to worry about the sin and general corrosion of the world around us. But I don’t see any scripture to validate worry. Why worry when it is exactly the brokenness and division that has always been displayed and prophesied throughout time? Jesus didn’t say be worried and scared, he said to be alert and ready.

I guarantee that was Daniel’s approach to life in Babylon. Although he may have thought a time or two, “I’m too old for this!” it wasn’t what defined his life. We will see soon enough in chapter six, that even as a spry 83 year old, Daniel was open to connecting to the new government, the new generation, the new ways of the Persians, all for the glory of God.

So don’t worry about the evil we see in the generation coming of age. Evil will surround us and grow. It’s the way of it. But this evil is not an equal counterpart to God. God wields evil for his purpose even as he uses holiness. Shortly before his crucifixion, Jesus said,

“Now my soul is deeply troubled. Should I pray, ‘Father, save me from this hour’? But this is the very reason I came! Father, bring glory to your name.”

Then a voice spoke from heaven, saying “I have already brought glory to my name, and I will do so again.” (John 12:27-28 NLT)

God was glorified through an epic act of evil, the killing of God’s son, because Satan was cast out and reunification accomplished. Two pagan kings in Daniel sang praises to God multiple times. Even now, God will use us and all that surrounds to bring glory to his name.  God will do so again.

Therefore, God elevated him to the place of highest honor and gave him the name above all other names, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Phil 2:9-11 NLT)

I hope you’re just as excited as I to keep moving forward into purpose!